Development and clinical application of a strategy for preimplantation genetic diagnosis of single gene disorders combined with HLA matching

F. Fiorentino
2004 Molecular human reproduction  
Preimplantation HLA matching has recently emerged as a tool for couples desiring to conceive a potential donor progeny for transplantation in a sibling with a life-threatening disorder. In this paper we describe a strategy optimized for preimplantation genetic diagnosis (PGD) of haemoglobinopathies combined with HLA matching. This procedure involves a minisequencingbased genotyping of HLA regions A, B, C and DRB combined with mutation analysis of the gene regions involved by mutation. Analysis
more » ... f at least eight polymorphic short tandem repeat (STR) markers scattered through the HLA complex has also been included to detect potential contamination and crossing-over occurrences between HLA genes. The above assay can also be used for preimplantation HLA matching as a primary indication. The strategy was clinically applied for HLA matching in 17 cycles (14 for b-thalassaemia, one for Wiscott±Aldrich syndrome and two for leukaemia). A reliable HLA genotype was achieved in 255/266 (95.9%) of the blastomeres. In total, 22 (14.8%) embryos were obtained that were HLA-matched with the affected siblings, 14 (9.4%) of which were unaffected and transferred back to the patients. Four clinical pregnancies were obtained, three of which (one twin, two singletons) are ongoing and were con®rmed as healthy and HLA-identical with the affected children. Minisequencing-based HLA typing combined with HLA STR haplotyping has been shown to be a reliable strategy for preimplantation HLA matching. The major advantage of this approach is that the validation of a single assay can be done once and then used for the majority of the patients, reducing notably time needed for preclinical set-up of each case.
doi:10.1093/molehr/gah055 pmid:15044607 fatcat:svod3fb2gbe5bgohijy7xp7uaq