ANTIOXIDANT AND ANTI-INFLAMMATORY ACTIVITIES OF RUBUS FRUTICOSUS AND ZIZYPHUS VULGARIS METHANOL EXTRACTS

Asma Meziti, Hamama Bouriche, Meziti Hichem, Seoussen Kada, Abderrahmane Senator, Ibrahim Demirtas
2017 International Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Sciences  
<p class="Default"><strong>Objective</strong>:<strong> </strong>This report is an attempt to study the phenolic composition of Rubus fruticosus (RFE) and Zizyphus vulgaris (ZVE) methanol extracts and evaluate their antioxidant and anti-inflammatory effects in-vitro and in-vivo.</p><p><strong>Methods: </strong>Total phenolic and total flavonoids contents of extracts were determined by spectrophotometric methods. Phenolic compounds were identified by<strong> </strong>HPLC-TOF/MS. The antioxidant
more » ... S. The antioxidant activities were evaluated in vitro using DPPH, ABTS and FRAP assays. The effect of RFE and ZVE on DNA cleavage induced by H<sub>2</sub>O<sub>2</sub> UV-photolysis was also investigated. The antioxidant effect of RFE and ZVE was tested in vivo using the blood total antioxidant capacity test in mice. On the other hand, the anti-inflammatory activity was assessed in vivo using two models of acute inflammation ear edema and vascular permeability.</p><p><strong>Results: </strong>The phytochemical analysis of these extracts showed that RFE possesses higher polyphenolic and flavonoid content than ZVE. in the same way RFE exerted the highest antioxidant capacity with IC<sub> 50 </sub>value of 14 µg/ml in DPPH assay, 1.58 mmol of Trolox E/mg extract and 3.39 of mmol FesO<sub>4</sub>/mg extract in ABTS, and FRAP assay respectively. The studied extracts showed a concentration-dependent protective effect on DNA cleavage induced by H<sub>2</sub>O<sub>2</sub> UV-photolysis. The daily oral administration of 200 mg/kg of RFE or ZVE during three weeks showed an improvement of the blood total antioxidant capacity; the HT<sub>50</sub> values were151.45 min and 146.72 min for the groups treated with RFE and ZVE, respectively versus 122.5 min for the control group. The topical application of 2 mg/ear of RFE inhibited the croton oil-induced ear edema by 75.72%, while the inhibition exerted by ZVE was 64.24%. These inhibitions were higher than that of indomethacin, used as a reference. Moreover, the oral administration of 400 mg/kg of RFE inhibited significantly (33.57%) acetic acid induced vascular permeability in mice. However, this effect was lower than this of indomethacin. The inhibition effect exerted by ZVE was not significant.</p><p><strong>Conclusion</strong><strong>:</strong><strong> </strong>The results obtained in this investigation showed that RFE possesses strong antioxidant and anti-inflammatory potential in comparison with ZVE, which may be attributed to the presence of polyphenolic phytoconstituents.</p>
doi:10.22159/ijpps.2017v9i2.14374 fatcat:jm4zfmiybjc35ekklhxrv5mb6i