A transverse oscillation approach for estimation of three-dimensional velocity vectors, Part I: concept and simulation study
IEEE Transactions on Ultrasonics, Ferroelectrics and Frequency Control
A method for 3-D velocity vector estimation using transverse oscillations is presented. The method employs a 2-D transducer and decouples the velocity estimation into three orthogonal components, which are estimated simultaneously and from the same data. The validity of the method is investigated by conducting simulations emulating a 32 × 32 matrix transducer. The results are evaluated using two performance metrics related to precision and accuracy. The study includes several parameters
... parameters including 49 flow directions, the SNR, steering angle, and apodization types. The 49 flow directions cover the positive octant of the unit sphere. In terms of accuracy, the median bias is −2%. The precision of v x and v y depends on the flow angle β and ranges from 5% to 31% relative to the peak velocity magnitude of 1 m/s. For comparison, the range is 0.4 to 2% for v z . The parameter study also reveals, that the velocity estimation breaks down with an SNR between −6 and −3 dB. In terms of computational load, the estimation of the three velocity components requires 0.75 billion floating point operations per second (0.75 Gflops) for a realistic setup. This is well within the capability of modern scanners.