An abscisic acid (ABA) homeostasis regulated by its production, catabolism and transport in peanut leaves in response to drought stress [article]

Haitao Long, Zhao Zheng, Yajun Zhang, Pengzhan Xing, Xiaorong Wan, Yixiong Zheng, Ling Li
2019 bioRxiv   pre-print
ABA is an important messenger that acts as the signaling mediator for regulating the adaptive response of plants to drought stress. Two production pathways, de novo biosynthesis and hydrolysis of glucose-conjugated ABA by β-glucosidase (BG), increase cellular ABA levels in plants. ABA catabolism via hydroxylation by 8'-hydroxylase (CYP707A), or conjugation by uridine diphosphate glucosyltransferase (UGT), decreases cellular ABA levels. The transport of ABA through ATP-binding cassette
more » ... aining transporter proteins, members of ABC transporter G family (ABCG), across plasma membrane (PM) is another important pathway to regulate cellular ABA levels. In this study, based on our previously constructed transcriptome of peanut leaves in response to drought stress, fourteen candidate genes involved in ABA production (including AhZEP, AhNCED1 and AhNCED3, AhABA2, AhAAO1 and AhAAO2, AhABA3, AhBG11 and AhBG24), catabolism (including AhCYP707A3, AhUGT71K1 and AhUGT73B4) and transport (including AhABCG22-1 and AhABCG22-2), were identified homologously and phylogenetically, and further analyzed at the transcriptional level by real-time RT-PCR, simultaneously determining ABA levels in peanut leaves in response to drought. The high sequence identity and very similar subcellular localization of the proteins deduced from 14 identified genes involved in ABA production, catabolism and transport with the reported corresponding enzymes in databases suggest their similar roles in regulating cellular ABA levels. In response to drought stress, ABA accumulation levels in peanut leaves agree very well with the up-regulated expressions of ABA-producing genes (AhZEP, AhNCED1, AhAAO2, AhABA3, AhBG11 and AhBG24) and PM-localized ABA importer genes (AhABCG22-1 and AhABCG22-2), although the expression of ABA catabolic genes (AhCYP707A3 and AhUGT71K1) was also up-regulated. It is likely that drought-responsive induction of catabolic genes helps not only to maintain ABA levels within a permissible range, but also to prepare the plant for degradation of ABA after removal of the stress. These results suggest that ABA homeostasis in peanut leaves in response to drought may be coordinated by a master regulatory circuit that involves production, catabolism, and as well as transport.
doi:10.1101/569848 fatcat:ngjfwd3lx5ewbdntyjzooerkf4