TopP-S: Persistent homology based multi-task deep neural networks for simultaneous predictions of partition coefficient and aqueous solubility [article]

Kedi Wu, Zhixiong Zhao, Renxiao Wang, Guo-Wei Wei
2017 arXiv   pre-print
Aqueous solubility and partition coefficient are important physical properties of small molecules. Accurate theoretical prediction of aqueous solubility and partition coefficient plays an important role in drug design and discovery. The prediction accuracy depends crucially on molecular descriptors which are typically derived from theoretical understanding of the chemistry and physics of small molecules. The present work introduces an algebraic topology based method, called element specific
more » ... istent homology (ESPH), as a new representation of small molecules that is entirely different from conventional chemical and/or physical representations. ESPH describes molecular properties in terms of multiscale and multicomponent topological invariants. Such topological representation is systematical, comprehensive, and scalable with respect to molecular size and composition variations. However, it cannot be literally translated into a physical interpretation. Fortunately, it is readily suitable for machine learning methods, rendering topological learning algorithms. Due to the inherent correlation between solubility and partition coefficient, a uniform ESPH representation is developed for both properties, which facilitates multi-task deep neural networks for their simultaneous predictions. This strategy leads to more accurate prediction of relatively small data sets. A total of six data sets is considered in the present work to validate the proposed topological and multi-task deep learning approaches. It is demonstrate that the proposed approaches achieve some of the most accurate predictions of aqueous solubility and partition coefficient. Our software is available online at
arXiv:1801.01558v1 fatcat:cqidbn4c4rcd5hwaetkafbjeie