Modern methods for the development of new drugs that affect the hemostatic system
Voprosy gematologii/onkologii i immunopatologii v pediatrii
The blood coagulation system plays an important role in health and disease. It is a complex network of proteolytic reactions that is activated during injuries and controls the formation of a fibrin clot. Although new components and reactions have not been discovered for thirty years, during this time there has been a revolution in understanding of how this system works and what enzymes are the optimal targets for the therapy. At the same time, new methods of drug development, first of all,
... first of all, computer docking, which are ideally suited for the discovery of inhibitors of blood clotting enzymes, have appeared. In this review, an attempt has been made to correlate the lines of development of new ideas about the mechanisms of coagulation, new methods of searching for drugs and their combination, thanks to which now there are more and more potentially interesting molecules that can change the face of the anticoagulant therapy in the near future. In the review, molecular modeling methods, primarily docking, which are increasingly used at the initial stage of developing new drugs, the role of docking at the initial stage of developing new inhibitors are briefly considered and the structure of the active centers of factors Xa and XIa, which determines their interaction with inhibitors, are discussed in detail.