Dynamically Operated Fischer–Tropsch Synthesis in PtL—Part 2: Coping with Real PV Profiles
Climate change calls for a paradigm shift in the primary energy generation that comes with new challenges to store and transport energy. A decentralization of energy conversion can only be implemented with novel methods in process engineering. In the second part of our work, we took a deeper look into the load flexibility of microstructured Fischer-Tropsch synthesis reactors to elucidate possible limits of dynamic operation. Real data from a 10 kW photovoltaic system is used to calculate a
... to calculate a dynamic H2 feed flow, assuming that electrolysis is capable to react on power changes accordingly. The required CO flow for synthesis could either originate from a constantly operated biomass gasification or from a direct air capture that produces CO2; the latter is assumed to be dynamically converted into synthesis gas with additional hydrogen. Thus two cases exist, the input is constantly changing in syngas ratio or flow rate. These input data were used to perform challenging experiments with the pilot scale setup. Both cases were compared. While it appeared that a fluctuating flow rate is tolerable for constant product composition, a coupled temperatureconversion relationship model was developed. It allows keeping the conversion and product distribution constant despite highly dynamic feed flow conditions.