Computational Modeling Indicates A Decreased Affinity of SARS-CoV-2 to ACE2 by Steroids [post]

Alireza Mansouri, Rasoul Kowsar, Khaled Sadeghi, Akio Miyamoto
2020 unpublished
The novel coronavirus disease (COVID-19) presently poses significant concerns around the world. Latest reports show that the degree of disease and mortality of COVID-19 infected patients may vary from gender to gender with a very high risk of death for seniors. It was hypothesized that sex steroid hormones estradiol (E2), progesterone (P4), testosterone (T), and dexamethasone (DEX) may change the interaction of coronavirus spike protein (CSP) with angiotensin converting enzyme-2 (ACE2). Data
more » ... e-2 (ACE2). Data showed that E2 was more strongly to interact with the main protease of the coronavirus, while T had the lowest affinity for CSP. The binding energy of the CSP to ACE2 was increased in the presence of steroids; the greatest increase was observed by DEX and E2. The binding free energy of the CSP to ACE2 was the highest in the presence of E2 and DEX. Together, the interaction between CSP and ACE2 can be disrupted by E2 and to a greater extent by DEX, in part explaining the lower incidence of COVID-19 infection in women than men. The potential use of E2 and DEX to reduce coronavirus attachment to ACE2 in the early phase of the coronavirus invasion needs to be clinically investigated.
doi:10.21203/rs.3.rs-86139/v1 fatcat:qzns5652rzeqrkv3msukhpzfcm