Direct N-body Simulations of Tidal Disruption Rate Evolution in Equal-mass Galaxy Mergers

Shuo Li, Peter Berczik, Xian Chen, F. K. Liu, Rainer Spurzem, Yu Qiu
2019 Astrophysical Journal  
The hierarchical galaxy formation model predicts supermassive black hole binaries (SMBHBs) in galactic nuclei. Due to the gas poor environment and the limited spatial resolution in observations they may hide in the center of many a galaxy. However, a close encounter of a star with one of the supermassive black holes (SMBHs) may tidally disrupt it to produce a tidal disruption event (TDE) and temporarily light up the SMBH. In a previous work, we investigated with direct N-BODY simulations the
more » ... lution of TDE rates of SMBHB systems in galaxy mergers of equal mass. In this work we extend to unequal mass mergers. Our results show that, when two SMBHs are far away from each other, the TDE rate of each host galaxy is similar as in an isolated galaxy. As the two galaxies and their SMBHs separation shrinks, the TDE rate is increasing gradually until it reaches a maximum shortly after the two SMBHs become bound. In this stage, the averaged TDE rate can be enhanced by several times to an order of magnitude relative to isolated single galaxies. Our simulations show that the dependence of the TDE accretion rate on the mass ratio in this stage can be well fitted by power law relations for both SMBHs. After the bound SMBHB forms, the TDE rate decreases with its further evolution. We also find that in minor mergers TDEs of the secondary SMBH during and after the bound binary formation are mainly contributed by stars from the other galaxy.
doi:10.3847/1538-4357/ab3e4a fatcat:t6gn2xjnebaerbh7xbgd2csm6u