Low-Latency Lattice-Reduction-Aided One-Bit Precoding Processor for 64-QAM 4×64 MU–MIMO Systems
IEEE Open Journal of Circuits and Systems
Massive multi-user multiple-input multiple-output (MU-MIMO) communication is a crucial technique for next-generation wireless systems because it enables high-throughput and ultra-reliable data transmission. However, high power consumption is a challenging problem in conventional transceiver designs, where each RF chain at the transmitter requires a pair of high-resolution digital-to-analog converters (DACs), which are the primary power sources in front-end circuits. Therefore, quantized
... g algorithms were recently proposed to address this issue. They used low-resolution DACs at the transmitter and compensated for the distortion caused by the quantization effect at the baseband. This paper proposes a constellation-range gain-controlled lattice-reduction-aided (CR-GCLRA) one-bit precoding algorithm for massive MU-MIMO systems with high-order quadrature amplitude modulation (QAM) signaling. Lattice reduction (LR) preprocessing is adopted for performance enhancement. A novel gain-control mechanism is proposed to address the constellation range expansion problem in conventional LR preprocessing. We designed and implemented a CR-GCLRA one-bit precoding processor by using TSMC 40-nm CMOS technology to accelerate the one-bit precoding processing for 64-QAM 4 × 64 MU-MIMO system. The proposed one-bit precoding processor can achieve a throughput of 43.92 Mbits per second at a clock speed of 269 MHz with 271 mW power consumption and 0.51μs latency. INDEX TERMS Lattice reduction, multi-user MIMO, one-bit precoding, VLSI.