Ocular Morbidities In a Tertiary Hospital In Southwest Nigeria: Pattern and Visual Impact

Omodele O.A Jagun, Merry Godwin, Anthony Betiku, Ubong Fingesi, Olushola S Olajide
2021 International journal of research and scientific innovation  
Ocular mobidities cause vision impairment with varing impact on the vision and quality of life of patients. This study aims to determine the pattern of eye diseases and its visual implication in patients as a means to reduce the burden of visual impairment and blindness. A retrospective study of 700 participants with 259 (37.0%) males and 441 (63%) females. The age range of the participants was between 3 to 88 years [average = 40.21±23.78 years]. Participants within the 16-30 years age group
more » ... e the most prevalent (30.2%). Refractive errors were the most prevalent [49.7%] ocular morbidities , followed by Conjuctivitis (14.2%), Cataracts (10.2%), Glaucoma (8.7%) and Pseudophakia/Aphakia (4.2%). Of those with conjunctivitis, Allergy accounted for 69.5% (89 participants). There was a 69% improvement in vision after treatment amongst those with mild and moderate visual impairment, while those that were blind also improved by 16.9% after treatment. The most prevalent ocular morbidities seen in this study were similar to those reported in previous African studies and prompt treatment of these conditions remarkable reduced the prevalence of visual impairment and blindness.
doi:10.51244/ijrsi.2021.8807 fatcat:quucrbualvcztbxg3tjeewdz24