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The use of official apologies has arisen to prominence in the field of international relations and diplomacy. Nowadays, countries are expected to issue apologies for their wrongdoings, even in the case of war. This research attempt to answer the question: why do countries apologize for wartime atrocities? Using a theory-testing, case study method, this study analyzed several motivating variables of apology for four case countries: Germany, France, Japan, and the United States. The cases weredoi:10.15781/t27659z6c fatcat:ptqk6np2zrgvrmuifssehhubny