Prácticas de referencia asociadas a la creación de Spin-off Universitarias

Hugo Ernesto Martínez Ardila, David Alberto Rodríguez Gutierrez, Ángela María Castro Rodríguez, Juan Fernando Guarín Castro
2020 Proceedings of the 18th LACCEI International Multi-Conference for Engineering, Education, and Technology: Engineering, Integration, And Alliances for A Sustainable Development" "Hemispheric Cooperation for Competitiveness and Prosperity on A Knowledge-Based Economy"   unpublished
The commercialization of the research results of the universities has gained strength, due to the juncture and interest for take of the potential returns that these have to offer. To this end, some universities have identified the creation of Spin-off as a direct technology transfer mechanism, which shows great economic benefits in the regions where they are developed. However, its creation process presents several challenges and risks that the actors involved must assume, so this article
more » ... this article presents a review and analysis of the scientific literature on university spin-offs for the identification of reference practices associated with its creation. The results allowed to establish the bases of a conceptual model of the spin-off creation, identifying the reference practices for each of the different stages of the process, useful to provide stakeholders, a guide for the development of this type of academic entrepreneurship. Resumen-La comercialización de los resultados de investigación de las universidades ha cobrado fuerza, debido a la coyuntura e interés de aprovechar al máximo los retornos potenciales que estos ofrecen. Para ello, algunas universidades han identificado la creación de Spin-off como un mecanismo de transferencia de tecnología directa, que evidencia grandes beneficios económicos en las regiones donde se desarrollan. Sin embargo, su proceso de creación presenta varios desafíos y riesgos que deben afrontar los actores implicados, por lo cual este artículo presenta una revisión y análisis de la literatura científica sobre spin-off universitarias para la identificación de las prácticas de referencia asociadas a su creación. Los resultados permitieron establecer las bases de un modelo conceptual de la creación de spin-off, identificando las prácticas de referencia para cada una de las diferentes etapas del proceso, útil para proporcionar, a los actores implicados, una guía para el desarrollo de este tipo de emprendimiento académico. Palabras clave-Spin-off, buenas prácticas, universidad, transferencia de tecnología, emprendimiento, actores. Abstract: The commercialization of the research results of the universities has gained strength, due to the juncture and interest for take of the potential returns that these have to offer. To this end, some universities have identified the creation of Spin-off as a direct technology transfer mechanism, which shows great economic benefits in the regions where they are developed. However, its creation process presents several challenges and risks that the actors involved must assume, so this article presents a review and analysis of the scientific literature on university spin-offs for the identification of reference practices associated with its creation. The results allowed to establish the bases of a conceptual model of the spin-off creation, identifying the reference practices for each of the different stages of the process, useful to provide stakeholders, a guide for the development of this type of academic entrepreneurship.
doi:10.18687/laccei2020.1.1.456 fatcat:q2qqyklfjzfkhidimz7yl3v3ja