Complex Binding Interactions between Multicomponent Mixtures and Odorant Receptors in the Olfactory Organ of the Caribbean Spiny Lobster Panulirus argus

L. R. Gentilcore, C. D. Derby
1998 Chemical Senses  
Our study was designed to examine how components of complex mixtures can inhibit the binding of other components to receptor sites in the olfactory system of the spiny lobster Panulirus argus. Biochemical binding assays were used to study how two-to six-component mixtures inhibit binding of the radiolabeled odorants taurine, L-glutamate and adenosine-5'-monophosphate to a tissue fraction rich in dendritic membrane of olfactory receptor neurons. Our results indicate that binding inhibition by
more » ... tures can be large and is dependent on the nature of the odorant ligand and on the concentration and composition of the mixture. The binding inhibition by mixtures of structurally related components was generally predicted using a competitive binding model and binding inhibition data for the individual components. This was not the case for binding inhibition by most mixtures of structurally unrelated odorants. The binding inhibition for these mixtures was generally smaller than that for one or more of their components, indicating that complex binding interactions between components can reduce their ability to inhibit binding. The magnitude of binding inhibition was influenced more by the mixture's precise composition than by the number of components in it, since mixtures with few components were sometimes more inhibitory than mixtures with more components. These findings raise the possibility that complex binding interactions between components of a mixture and their receptors may shape the output of olfactory receptor neurons to complex mixtures.
doi:10.1093/chemse/23.3.269 pmid:9669040 fatcat:d5afmy3xcraupckrgfjth4gl2m