Diapirs in the Western Pyrenees and Their Foreland (Spain): ABSTRACT
American Association of Petroleum Geologists Bulletin
ASSOCIATION ROUND TABLE 335 sea, and marine deltas. Other classifications may be based on the depth of the water bodies into which they prograde, or on basin structure. Many delta types have been described previously. Most of these have been related to the vicissitudes of sedimentary processes by which they form. Names were derived largely from the shapes of the delta shorelines. The configuration of the delta shores and many other depositional forms expressed by different sedimentary fades
... ar to be directly proportional to the relative relationship of the amount or rate of river sediment influx with the nature and energy of the coastal processes. The more common and better understood types, listed in order of decreasing sediment influx and increasing energy of coastal processes (waves, currents, and tides), are: birdtoot, lobate, cuspate, arcuate, and estuarine. The subdeltas of the Colorado River in Texas illustrate this relationship. During the first part of this century, the river, transporting approximately the same yearly load, built a birdfoot-lobate type delta in Matagorda Bay, a low-energy water body, and began to form a cuspate delta in the Gulf of Mexico, a comparatively high-energy water body. Many deltas are compounded; their subdeltas may be representative of two or more types of deltas, such as birdfoot, lobate, and arcuate. Less-known deltas, such as the Irrawaddy, Ganges, and Mekong, are probably mature estuarine t>'pes. Others, located very near major scarps, are referred to the "Gilbert type," which is similar to an alluvial fan.