Improved Traditional Drugs: State of knowledge for the sustainable management of gastrointestinal parasitic nematodes of small ruminants

Christian C DANSOU, Julienne KUISEU, Géraldo T. HOUMENOU, Lissette H. DEGLA, Fréjus T. A. ZINSOU, Erick V. B. AZANDO, André B. ABOH, Latifou LAGNIKA, Mawulé S. HOUNZANGBE-ADOTE, Patrick A. Edorh, Pascal Abiodoun OLOUNLADE
2021 Journal of Drug Delivery and Therapeutics  
This article aims to present the current state of the fight against gastrointestinal parasites in small ruminants from Improved Traditional Drugs (DTI). A host of scientific documents were consulted by means of search engines to gather the information useful for this synthesis. The failure of conventional treatments has led to the use of new methods to treat digestive pathologies due to internal parasitism in herds of sheep and goats. These include, among others, herbal medicine, homeopathy,
more » ... matherapy, the mixed grazing system for small and large ruminants, ... All plant parts of plants can be used in the preparation of remedies. Several scientific studies show that plants are full of chemical compounds that cause anthelmintic effects on gastrointestinal parasites in small ruminants. Literature searches have revealed that studies on DTIs in the management of gastrointestinal nematodes in small ruminants are non-existent. In addition to the forms (decocted, macerated, infused, etc.) traditionally used by breeders, there are other forms that can be used to make DTIs from plant extracts. There are capsules, capsules, tablets etc. The placing on the market of DTIs requires official authorization based on the safety and reproducibility of the products. From the documents consulted, it appears that scientific research has not yet focused on the formulation of DTIs for the treatment of gastrointestinal parasitic nematodes in small ruminants. It will be useful to manufacture them to facilitate access to veterinary care and the sustainable management of animal health. Keywords: Improved Traditional Drugs; Gastrointestinal nematodes; Small ruminants, West Africa; Central Africa.
doi:10.22270/jddt.v11i2-s.4811 fatcat:codyfmdomje4jazqz6zjjz52n4