Uncertainty-Aware Semi-Supervised Few Shot Segmentation [article]

Soopil Kim, Philip Chikontwe, Sang Hyun Park
2021 arXiv   pre-print
Few shot segmentation (FSS) aims to learn pixel-level classification of a target object in a query image using only a few annotated support samples. This is challenging as it requires modeling appearance variations of target objects and the diverse visual cues between query and support images with limited information. To address this problem, we propose a semi-supervised FSS strategy that leverages additional prototypes from unlabeled images with uncertainty guided pseudo label refinement. To
more » ... tain reliable prototypes from unlabeled images, we meta-train a neural network to jointly predict segmentation and estimate the uncertainty of predictions. We employ the uncertainty estimates to exclude predictions with high degrees of uncertainty for pseudo label construction to obtain additional prototypes based on the refined pseudo labels. During inference, query segmentation is predicted using prototypes from both support and unlabeled images including low-level features of the query images. Our approach is end-to-end and can easily supplement existing approaches without the requirement of additional training to employ unlabeled samples. Extensive experiments on PASCAL-5^i and COCO-20^i demonstrate that our model can effectively remove unreliable predictions to refine pseudo labels and significantly improve upon state-of-the-art performances.
arXiv:2110.08954v1 fatcat:idnt7mnmnfh2di73yqpo2juww4