A Mini Review of Peer-to-Peer (P2P) for Vehicular Communication

Sumendra Yogarayan, Siti Fatimah Abdul Razak, Afizan Azman, Mohd. Fikri Azli Abdullah
2021 Indonesian Journal of Electrical Engineering and Informatics (IJEEI)  
In recent times, peer-to-peer (P2P) has evolved, where it leverages the capability to scale compared to server-based networks. Consequently, P2P has appeared to be the future distributed systems in emerging several applications. P2P is actually a disruptive technology for setting up applications that scale to numerous concurrent individuals. Thus, in a P2P distributed system, individuals become themselves as peers through contributing, sharing, and managing the resources in a network. In this
more » ... per, P2P for vehicular communication is explored. A comprehensive of the functioning concept of both P2P along with vehicular communication is examined. In addition, the advantages are furthermore conversed for a far better understanding on the implementation. INTRODUCTION Peer-to-peer (P2P) has ended up being exceptionally prominent in current times as a result of the great possibility to the high capability, effectiveness as well as fault resistance due to the fact that there is no centralized server and the network self-organizes itself [1] . Several study efforts in the field of P2P have actually concentrated towards purely performance problems such as scalability, reliable message transmission across the network, or accessibility to distributed sources [2] . In a P2P, peers link to each other directly for the exchange of information. File sharing is one particular example of this terminology, which has indeed been relatively effective and has attracted considerable interest [3] . These systems often involve numerous versatile peers associated with the sharing and cooperation procedure, without being conditional on the main authority. Besides, P2P is known as self-organized and highly decentralized. The inherent features of these kinds of systems have enabled the use of distributed P2P computing with study outlines [4] . P2P is an excellent technique to develop trusted platforms for vehicular communication. The advancement of the network technology has actually provided using them in various areas. One of the emergent applications of them is the improvement of the vehicular communication in which the communications are between nearby vehicles, infrastructures, devices, or networks [5] . Vehicle communication has recently become to be a platform to maintain smart transportation system to enhance traffic safety. Vehicular communication is made up for a collection of communicating vehicle fitted with wireless devices that can communicate with each other without existing infrastructure [6] . One of the most crucial network technology offered lately for developing vehicular communication is the IEEE 802.11p standard known as Dedicated Short Range Communication (DSRC), however new requirements as 5th Generation (5G) is involving [7] . The exchange of information among the vehicles provides much chance for the development of advanced driver assistance systems. These systems will absolutely have the capacity to share and to gather real-time information 
doi:10.11591/ijeei.v9i1.2736 fatcat:jkbv5sdnnzdk7lmwpp3ylve3xu