Arsenic tolerance of cyanobacterial strains with potential use in biotechnology

Susana G. Ferrari, Patricia G. Silva, Diana M. González, Julio A. Navoni, Humberto J. Silva
2013 Revista Argentina de Microbiología  
The arsenic content of various water bodies in Argentina is higher than the acceptable levels for human and animal uses. Cyanobacteria are widely distributed in aquatic environments and can bioaccumulate arsenic (As). This study presents the response of indigenous cyanobacteria to As(III) and As(V), including the species Tolypothrix tenuis, Nostoc muscorum and Nostoc minutum, previously used with biotechnological purposes. As(III) resulted more toxic than As(V) in all cases, causing cell death
more » ... n the range of 5-20 mg/l. T. tenuis growth was sensitive to As(V) with lethal inhibition at 625 mg/l, whereas the Noctoc species were stimulated. EC50 values found were 73.34 mg/l for N. muscorum and 989.3 mg/l for N. minutum. Batch cultures of N. minutum showed improvements in both growth parameters and photosynthetic pigment content in the presence of 1,000 mg/l As(V). Increases of 66.7%, 75.5%, 40% and 20.7% in cell productivity, chlorophyll a, total carotenoids and C-phycocyanin respectively were observed, reaching a bioaccumulated arsenic value of 37.4 μg/g at the stationary growth phase. Tolerancia a arsénico de cianobacterias con usos biotecnológicos Resumen El contenido de arsénico de diversos cuerpos de agua de Argentina es superior a los niveles aceptados para consumo humano y animal. Las cianobacterias están ampliamente distribuidas en los ambientes acuáticos y pueden bioacumular As. Este estudio presenta la respuesta de cianobacterias autóctonas a As(III) y As(V), incluyendo las especies Tolypothrix tenuis, Nostoc muscorum y Nostoc minutum utilizadas previamente con nes PALABRAS CLAVE Arsénico; Toxicidad; Cianobacterias; Estímulo del crecimiento; Curvas dosis-respuesta
doi:10.1016/s0325-7541(13)70021-x pmid:24165141 fatcat:3gmw262gsjewtgnhdguturtbim