Damage spreading transition in glasses: A probe for the ruggedness of the configurational landscape
Physical review. E, Statistical physics, plasmas, fluids, and related interdisciplinary topics
We consider damage spreading transitions in the framework of mode-coupling theory. This theory describes relaxation processes in glasses in the mean-field approximation which are known to be characterized by the presence of an exponentially large number of meta-stable states. For systems evolving under identical but arbitrarily correlated noises we demonstrate that there exists a critical temperature $T_0$ which separates two different dynamical regimes depending on whether damage spreads or
... amage spreads or not in the asymptotic long-time limit. This transition exists for generic noise correlations such that the zero damage solution is stable at high-temperatures being minimal for maximal noise correlations. Although this dynamical transition depends on the type of noise correlations we show that the asymptotic damage has the good properties of an dynamical order parameter such as: 1) Independence on the initial damage; 2) Independence on the class of initial condition and 3) Stability of the transition in the presence of asymmetric interactions which violate detailed balance. For maximally correlated noises we suggest that damage spreading occurs due to the presence of a divergent number of saddle points (as well as meta-stable states) in the thermodynamic limit consequence of the ruggedness of the free energy landscape which characterizes the glassy state. These results are then compared to extensive numerical simulations of a mean-field glass model (the Bernasconi model) with Monte Carlo heat-bath dynamics. The freedom of choosing arbitrary noise correlations for Langevin dynamics makes damage spreading a interesting tool to probe the ruggedness of the configurational landscape.