An Analysis of the X‐Ray Emission from the Supernova Remnant 3C 397

Yang Chen, Ming Sun, Zhen‐Ru Wang, Q. F. Yin
1999 Astrophysical Journal  
The ASCA SIS and the ROSAT PSPC spectral data of the SNR 3C397 are analysed with a two-component non-equilibrium ionization model. Besides, the ASCA SIS0 and SIS1 spectra are also fitted simultaneously in an equilibrium case. The resulting values of the hydrogen column density yield a distance of ∼8 to 3C397. It is found that the hard X-ray emission, containing S and Fe Kα lines, arises primarily from the hot component, while most of the soft emission, composed mainly of Mg, Si, Fe L lines, and
more » ... continuum, is produced by the cool component. The emission measures suggest that the remnant evolves in a cloudy medium and imply that the supernova progenitor might not be a massive early-type star. The cool component is approaching ionization equilibrium. The ages estimated from the ionization parameters and dynamics are all much greater than the previous determination. We restore the X-ray maps using the ASCA SIS data and compare them with the ROSAT HRI and the NRAO VLA Sky Survey (NVSS) 20 cm maps. The morphology with two bright concentrations suggests a bipolar remnant encountering a denser medium in the west.
doi:10.1086/307489 fatcat:nmcsb24vfvahvbpy7v4hjtn4py