Fractional Esterification Rate of Cholesterol and Ratio of Triglycerides to HDL-Cholesterol Are Powerful Predictors of Positive Findings on Coronary Angiography

J. Frohlich
2003 Clinical Chemistry  
We examined the predictive value of various clinical and biochemical markers for angiographically defined coronary artery disease (aCAD). Specifically, we assessed the value of the ratio of plasma triglyceride (TGs) to HDL-cholesterol (HDL-C) and the fractional esterification rate of cholesterol in plasma depleted of apolipoprotein B (apoB)-containing lipoproteins (FER HDL ), a functional marker of HDL and LDL particle size. Methods: Patients (788 men and 320 women) undergoing coronary
more » ... hy were classified into groups with positive [aCAD(؉)] and negative [aCAD(؊)] findings. Patient age, body mass index, waist circumference, blood pressure (BP), medications, drinking, smoking, exercise habits, and plasma total cholesterol (TC), LDLcholesterol (LDL-C), HDL-unesterified cholesterol, HDL-C, TGs, FER HDL , apoB, log(TG/HDL-C), and TC/ HDL-C were assessed. Lipids and apoproteins were measured by standard laboratory procedures; FER HDL was determined by a radioassay. Results: Members of the aCAD(؉) group were older and had a higher incidence of smoking and diabetes than those in the aCAD(؊) group. The aCAD(؉) group also had higher TG, apoB, FER HDL , and log(TG/HDL-C) and lower HDL-C values. aCAD(؉) women had greater waist circumference and higher plasma TC and TC/ HDL-C. aCAD(؉) men, but not women, had higher plasma LDL-C. In the multivariate logistic model, the significant predictors of the presence of aCAD(؉) were FER HDL , age, smoking, and diabetes. If only laboratory tests were included in the multivariate logistic model, FER HDL appeared as the sole predictor of aCAD(؉). Log(TG/HDL-C) was an independent predictor when FER HDL was omitted from multivariate analysis. Conclusions: FER HDL was the best laboratory predictor of the presence of coronary atherosclerotic lesions.
doi:10.1373/clinchem.2003.022558 pmid:14578319 fatcat:dduf6dcdvje2bkpmhbs2vs6z4q