Determinants of Breastfeeding Patterns among Women in South West Nigeria
IOSR Journal of Research & Method in Education (IOSRJRME)
The study investigated the determining factors that account for different types of breastfeeding methods among Women in South West Nigeria. The research design used was the descriptive research design of the survey type. The population for the study was made up of women with breastfeeding experience. The sample consisted of 1,385 women selected from three states in South West Nigeria. Multistage random sampling technique was used. The research instrument used was titled Determinants of
... minants of Breastfeeding Pattern among Women (DBPW). The instrument was valid and reliable; it was construct validated and a split half reliability coefficient of 0.87 was obtained. The study was carried out to exposed mothers to the realistic expectation of their infant's breastfeeding behavior to support the decision to breastfeed and avoid unnecessary supplementation. Specifically, the study examined the different breastfeeding methods adopted with respect to mothers' education and employment status. From literature it was observed that despite exclusive breastfeeding being the optimal way of feeding an infant, the percentage of mothers who exclusively breastfed drop from over 75% who initiate to less than 11% at six months, well short of the Healthy People 2010 initiative goal of 50% of infants being exclusively breastfed for six months. The result of the findings revealed that women with high level of education were not well disposed to exclusive breastfeeding; so also, women that are government and private company employees found it very difficult to engage in full breastfeeding. It was concluded that unfriendly working environment can make it difficult to breastfeed on demand. Hence it was recommended among others that the present level of public campaign is stepped up.