Equilibrium order parameters of nematic liquid crystals in the Landau-de Gennes theory

APALA MAJUMDAR
2010 European journal of applied mathematics  
We study equilibrium liquid crystal configurations in three-dimensional domains, within the continuum Landau-De Gennes theory. We obtain explicit bounds for the equilibrium scalar order parameters in terms of the temperature and material-dependent constants. We explicitly quantify the temperature regimes where the Landau-De Gennes predictions match and the temperature regimes where the Landau-De Gennes predictions don't match the probabilistic second-moment definition of the Q-tensor order
more » ... Q-tensor order parameter. The regime of agreement may be interpreted as the regime of validity of the Landau-De Gennes theory since the Landau-De Gennes theory predicts large values of the equilibrium scalar order parameters -larger than unity, in the low-temperature regime. We discuss a modified Landau-De Gennes energy functional which yields physically realistic values of the equilibrium scalar order parameters in all temperature regimes.
doi:10.1017/s0956792509990210 fatcat:ymanjfpaj5gutbw2vb7e5ghn44