The Usefullness of the Computer And Graphical Design at Education in Fine Arts

Victor Petkov
The technological revolution has made the computer accessible tool in various fields of knowledge. Today we can easily talk about a personal computer in the fullest sense of the word. It is irreplaceable and powerful tool to achieve specific career goals. Before the advent of computerized prepress, designers and artists armed with professional knowledge and skills, were involved with the graphic design. Graphic solutions for the production of various types of printed materials were consistent
more » ... s were consistent with existing technology and typographic technique. Today the necessary equipment for creating graphic design, is available to everyone. Using a personal computer and word-processing software you are able to create cover, poster, business card, brochure, etc. Certainly, the availability of the equipment is a good prerequisite for the creation of graphic design, but not sufficient condition for a good result. The software means doesn't transform you magically into a designer. Knowledge and skills in the field of visual arts and design are needed. It is quite logical to transfer the toolbox-computer and software, in the field of education. What could be better than a place for first steps in the knowledge and understanding of graphic design, from the first grade of primary school, where children learn about letters, words and text? They acquire knowledge of the letters and their writing skills. Typography as a part of graphic design, dealing with the aesthetic use of different fonts, gives a new perspective on the individuality of each font in its appearance, its visual impact and formal features-letter architecture, space between characters, distances and proportions between uppercase and lowercase letters, etc. One of the cores in the art educational process is the "Visual communication"-the area for first steps in the knowledge and understanding of typography. To be fair, it is necessary to add to our equipment some sort of graphical editor that allows working with artistic text-to be able to manipulate letter or word with all sorts of heuristic operations. These are simple actions, but it is impossible to be given clear and unambiguous guidance on how they should be applied in particular case, which suggests the presence of imagination, intuition and talent. On the other hand heuristic operations don't definitely lead to strong or original solutions, i.e. they do not guarantee one hundred percent success, but when solving the above mentioned tasks they are proving to be essential tool for finding solutions. Typographic activities are an inexhaustible source of creative experiment with different fonts and manipulation of written signs. I suggest a few visual solutions for graphic shaped titles of tales and the names of their authors: