Kawasaki Disease Presenting As Oculoglandular Syndrome: Accidental Concurrence or Something Beyond That?

Iraj Sedighi, Mehrnaz Olfat
2016 Archives of Pediatric Infectious Diseases  
Kawasaki disease (KD) is an acute febrile illness of childhood that can lead to significant coronary artery abnormalities, particularly in untreated patients. Diagnosis of KD is made in the presence of its standard criteria, including bilateral conjunctivitis. Some patients do not fulfill the diagnostic criteria and are known as atypical KD. Case Presentation: In this report, we describe a 12-year-old boy presenting with prolonged fever, unilateral conjunctivitis, ipsilateral preauricular
more » ... denopathy, skin rashes, and finger scaling. The initial evaluation for KD was negative, so he received gentamycin as a case of oculoglandular syndrome. The fever subsided, but he developed bilateral conjunctivitis later in course of the disease. A second echocardiograph revealed coronary artery dilation. He immediately received intravenous immunoglobulin (IVIG) and aspirin and was discharged from hospital with a recommendation of close follow-up. Conclusions: To our knowledge, KD presenting with unilateral conjunctivitis and oculoglandular syndrome is not reported to date. G iven that delay in diagnosis and treatment of KD can cause serious cardiac complications, the diagnosis of Kawasaki disease should be considered in such cases.
doi:10.5812/pedinfect.35760 fatcat:uulhubrzhvbedbdeaqflxjuaom