N-Acetylcysteine Added to Local Anesthesia Reduces Scar Area and Width in Early Wound Healing—An Animal Model Study

Wiktor Paskal, Adriana M. Paskal, Piotr Pietruski, Albert Stachura, Kacper Pełka, Alan E. Woessner, Kyle P. Quinn, Michał Kopka, Ryszard Galus, Jarosław Wejman, Paweł Włodarski
2021 International Journal of Molecular Sciences  
The aim of the study was to evaluate if a pre-incisional N-acetylcysteine (NAC) treatment altered the process of wound healing in a rat model. The dorsal skin of 24 Sprague-Dawley rats was incised in six locations. Before the incisions were made, skin was injected either with lidocaine and epinephrine (one side) or with these agents supplemented with 0.015%, 0.03%, or 0.045% NAC (contralaterally). Photographic documentation of the wound healing process was made at 11 time points. Rats were
more » ... ficed 3, 7, 14, or 60 days after incision to excise scars for histological analysis. They included: Abramov scale scoring, histomorphometry analysis, and collagen fiber arrangement assessment. Skin pretreated with 0.03% NAC produced the shortest scars at all analyzed time points, though this result was statistically insignificant. At this NAC concentration the scars had smaller areas on the third day and were narrower on the day 4 compared with all the other groups (p < 0.05). On day 7, at the same concentration of NAC, the scars had a higher superficial concentration index (p = 0.03) and larger dermal proliferation area (p = 0.04). NAC addition to pre-incisional anesthetic solution decreased wound size and width at an early stage of scar formation at all concentrations; however, with optimal results at 0.03% concentration.
doi:10.3390/ijms22147549 fatcat:hufoh24vn5h45gxovusnxtqa4u