Influence of triiodothyronine on the polypeptide composition of the intestinal brush border membrane during amphibian metamorphosis
International Journal of Developmental Biology
Brush border fragments (BBF) were isolated from homogenates of intestinal epithelium prepared from four groups of tadpoles: premetamorphic larvae, thyrostatic larvae, spontaneously metamorphosed larvae, and triiodothyronine (T3)-induced froglets. Isolation was accomplished by a combination of both Ca2+ precipitation and differential centrifugation methods. These preparations were routinely enriched seven- to-eleven-fold for the two amphibian brush border marker enzymes,
... -glutamyltransferase and maltase. Comparison by sodium dodecyl sulfate-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis (SDS-PAGE) with silver staining revealed the presence of a polypeptide of Mr 27,000 only after spontaneous and T3-induced metamorphosis. One-dimensional SDS-PAGE together with lectin staining showed six strongly concanavalin A reactive polypeptides (Mr 52,000, 57,000, 65,000, 80,000, 130,000 and 150,000) in both preparations examined. Immunoblot analyses allowed us to detect in both preparations the presence of villin (Mr 105,000), a cytoskeletal component of microvilli. Two-dimensional isoelectric focusing IEF/SDS-PAGE together with silver staining showed the polypeptides of Mr 41,500, 43,000, 60,500 and 101,000 to be specific components of the primary intestinal epithelium brush border. In contrast six polypeptides of Mr 27,000, 52,000, 58,000, 59,000 and 95,000 were only detected in intestinal BBF after spontaneous and T3-induced metamorphosis. Their presence is under the control of the thyroid hormone. The results provide new insight regarding the subcellular localization of polypeptides whose synthesis changes during spontaneous (Figiel et al., 1987) and T3-induced metamorphosis (Figiel et al., 1989).