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1 All Rights Reserved © 2019 IJARCSEE Abstract-The massive growing demands for radio wireless communications have resulted in a spectrum scarcity problem. Cognitive radios utilize a dynamic spectrum access to share the spectrum with licensed frequency bands in an opportunistic manner. The integration of cognitive radio with wireless sensor nodes can improve spectrum utilization and increase communication quality. Currently, clustering protocols have been developed to minimize energydoi:10.17148/ijarcce.2019.8201 fatcat:4rtmtisssveh3p7qq3lnfzzndi