Cowpea mosaic virus VPg: sequencing of radiochemically modified protein allows mapping of the gene on B RNA

P Zabel, M Moerman, G Lomonossoff, M Shanks, K Beyreuther
1984 EMBO Journal  
A partial amino acid sequence of cowpea mosaic virus (CPMV) VPg radiochemically modified by chloramine-T and Bolton-Hunter reagent has been determined. VPg covalently bound to viral RNA chains (VPg-RNA) was iodinated with chloramine-T and Bolton-Hunter reagent to label tyrosine and lysine residues, respectively. [I]VPg-RNA was digested with nuclease P1 and the resulting [I]VPg-pU was purified by SDS-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis and subjected to automated Edman degradation. Control
more » ... nts with chemically synthesized poliovirus VPg showed the feasibility of radiochemical microsequence analysis of protein that had been radiochemically modified by chloramine-T and Bolton-Hunter reagent. Analysis of CPMV [I]VPg-pU revealed the presence of tyrosine residues at position 12 and 14, and of lysine residues at position 3 and 20, respectively. In combination with Edman degradation of unlabeled CPMV VPg, which showed serine and arginine residues to be present at position 1 and 2, respectively, the data obtained allow the precise positioning of VPg within the 200 000 dalton (200 K) polyprotein encoded by CPMV B RNA and the prediction of its entire amino acid sequence. VPg is located at the COOH terminus of its 60 K, membrane-bound,precursor and proximal to the amino terminus of the protease-polymerase domain of the polyprotein. A processing scheme for the 200 K polyprotein is discussed in which Gln-Ser amino acid pairs act as the major signal for proteolytic cleavage.
pmid:16453534 pmcid:PMC557569 fatcat:jhay3b52ircwxprppr6ws63fnq