Implantable RF-coil with multiple electrodes for long-term EEG-fMRI monitoring in rodents

Tiina Pirttimäki, Raimo A. Salo, Artem Shatillo, Mikko I. Kettunen, Jaakko Paasonen, Alejandra Sierra, Kimmo Jokivarsi, Ville Leinonen, Pedro Andrade, Simon Quittek, Asla Pitkänen, Olli Gröhn
2016 Journal of Neuroscience Methods  
h i g h l i g h t s • Modified chronic implantation of EEG electrodes and MRI-coil for rats. • Improved data consistency across imaging and video-EEG monitoring sessions. • Method allowing follow-up studies using simultaneous EEG-fMRI. • Network connectivity changes during epileptogenesis. a b s t r a c t Background: Simultaneous EEG-fMRI is a valuable tool in the clinic as it provides excellent temporal and spatial information about normal and diseased brain function. In pre-clinical research
more » ... ith small rodents, obtaining simultaneous EEG-fMRI in longitudinal studies faces a number of challenges, including issues related to magnetic susceptibility artifacts. New method: Here, we demonstrate a method for permanent MRI RF-coil and EEG electrode implantation in rats that is suitable for long-term chronic follow-up studies in both stimulus and resting-state fMRI paradigms. Results: Our findings showed that the screw-free implantation method is well suited for long-term followup studies in both freely moving video-EEG settings and fMRI without causing MRI susceptibility artifacts. Furthermore, the results demonstrated that a multimodal approach can be used to track the progression of structural and functional changes. Comparison with existing methods: The quality of both MRI and EEG data were comparable to those obtained with traditional methods with the benefit of combining them into artifact-free simultaneous recordings. The signal-to-noise ratios of the MRI images obtained with the implanted RF-coil were similar to those using a quadrature coil and were therefore suitable for resting-state fMRI experiments. Similarly, EEG data collected with the RF-coil/electrode set-up were comparable to EEG recorded with traditional epidural screw electrodes. Conclusion: This new multimodal EEG-fMRI approach provides a novel tool for concomitant analysis and follow-up of anatomic and functional MRI, as well as electrographic changes in a preclinical research.
doi:10.1016/j.jneumeth.2016.10.014 pmid:27777001 fatcat:eamfgoqzj5eqpetshn2ry3ffxm