dTcf/Pangolin suppresses growth and tumor formation in Drosophila

Shilin Song, Diana Andrejeva, Flávia C. P. Freitas, Stephen M. Cohen, Héctor Herranz
2019 Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America  
Wnt/Wingless (Wg) signaling controls many aspects of animal development and is deregulated in different human cancers. The transcription factor dTcf/Pangolin (Pan) is the final effector of the Wg pathway in Drosophila and has a dual role in regulating the expression of Wg target genes. In the presence of Wg, dTcf/Pan interacts with β-catenin/Armadillo (Arm) and induces the transcription of Wg targets. In absence of Wg, dTcf/Pan partners with the transcriptional corepressor TLE/Groucho (Gro) and
more » ... E/Groucho (Gro) and inhibits gene expression. Here, we use the wing imaginal disk of Drosophila as a model to examine the functions that dTcf/Pan plays in a proliferating epithelium. We report a function of dTcf/Pan in growth control and tumorigenesis. Our results show that dTcf/Pan can limit tissue growth in normal development and suppresses tumorigenesis in the context of oncogene up-regulation. We identify the conserved transcription factors Sox box protein 15 (Sox15) and Ftz transcription factor 1 (Ftz-f1) as genes controlled by dTcf/Pan involved in tumor development. In conclusion, this study reports a role for dTcf/Pan as a repressor of normal and oncogenic growth and identifies the genes inducing tumorigenesis downstream of dTcf/Pan.
doi:10.1073/pnas.1816981116 fatcat:iyibtpjp4rb7vgvcjjuzszecsy