Quality characterization of groundwater in Koilsagar project area, Mahabubnagar District, Andhra Pradesh, India
Environmental Geology and Water Sciences
Water is an essential and precious natural resource for sustaining life and environment which is available in abundance as a free gift of nature and water is an important component in the ecosystem. Due to increased human population, industrialization, use of fertilizers and manmade activities water is highly polluted with different harm full contaminants. Natural water contaminates due to weathering of rocks and leaching of soils, mining process etc. It is necessary that the quality of
... quality of drinking water should be checked at regular time intervals, due to use of contaminated drinking water, human population suffers from varied of water borned diseases. In the present study water samples were collected from Koilsagar project, which is located at Mahabubnagar district. This project has two main canals. The left flank canal is about 14.48 km length and it irrigates 3000 acres and the right flank canal length is 25.74 km and it irrigates 9000 acres.The physico-chemical parameters were studied included temperature, P H , TDS, turbidity, hardness, alkalinity, phosphates, chlorides, nitrates, calcium, magnesium etc. and studied for a period of one year i.e., from March, 2014 to February, 2015. These physico-chemical parameters were compared with WHO standards and also with normal tap water. The results indicate that the Koilsagar project water can be used for domestic, irrigation and pisciculture purpose. 1138 Conclusion Understanding, the quality of water is an important as that of its quantity. Since it is the main factor determining the suitability of water for drinking, domestic, agricultural industrial purposes. The present study ensures that all physico chemical parameters like temperature, P H , TDS, turbidity, hardness, alkalinity, phosphates, chlorides, nitrates, calcium, magnesium etc. were within the permissible limits. The results indicate that the Koilsagar project water is non polluted and it can be used for domestic, irrigation and pisciculture purpose.