The activity of the renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system before and after parathyroidectomy in patients with primary hyperparathyroidism

Liubov G. Yanevskaya, Karina A. Pogosian, Alisa N. Semenova, Roman A. Chernikov, Dmitrii M. Buzanakov, Olga D. Belyaeva, Elena N. Grineva, Tatiana L. Karonova
2021 Consilium Medicum  
Background. The relationships between renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system (RAAS) and elevated parathyroid hormone levels in primary hyperparathyroidism (PHPT) is being actively discussed. But the way how parathyroid hormone interacts with renin and aldosterone currently is not clear. Materials and methods. Forty patients aged 18 to 70 years with a confirmed diagnosis of PHPT were involved in the study. All patients were tested for the main parameters of phosphorus-calcium metabolism and the
more » ... S parameters (plasma renin, plasma aldosterone) before and 2 weeks after parathyroidectomy. Results. Sixty percent of patients had any cardiovascular disease (CVD) and hypertension was the most common. Patients CVD in comparison with patients without CVD were older (61 and 41 years, respectively; p0.001), had a higher body mass index (28.9 and 21.9 kg/m2, respectively; p0.001) and had a lower aldosterone-to-renin ratio ARR (1.78 and 5.42, respectively; p=0.030). Patients with hypertension were older than patients with normal blood pressure (63 and 41 years, respectively; p0.001), had a higher body mass index (28.1 and 23.5 kg/m2, respectively; p=0.005), a lower ARR (1.46 and 5.82, respectively; p=0.001), as well higher levels of plasma renin (109.2 and 20.3 pg/ml, respectively; p=0.007) and serum total calcium (2.84 and 2.71 mmol/l, respectively; p=0.041). Correlation analysis showed that in patients with PHPT and CVD, the concentration of aldosterone is associated with the level of 24-hour urinary calcium (r=0.829, p=0.042), and in patients with symptomatic PHPT and CVD, the level of aldosterone correlated with the level of ionized calcium (r=-0.812, p=0.05). We found no significant differences between the levels of renin, aldosterone and ARR before and 2 weeks after parathyroidectomy. However, in the postoperative period, there were no differences in the levels of renin and ARR among patients with hypertension and without hypertension. Conclusion. In our study we found that the levels of plasma renin and serum total calcium were higher in patients with PHPT and hypertension compared to patients with normal blood pressure. Also, we found the associations between plasma aldosterone and levels of ionized calcium and 24-hour urinary calcium. But the relationships between RAAS parameters and parameters of phosphorus-calcium metabolism need further investigations.
doi:10.26442/20751753.2021.12.201235 fatcat:v7qer5bxofaihi434kefqtw7jm