Improving linear cryptanalysis of LOKI91 by probabilistic counting method [chapter]

Kouichi Sakurai, Souichi Furuya
1997 Lecture Notes in Computer Science  
We improve linear cryptanalysis by introducing a technique of probabilistic counting into the maximum likelihood stage. In the original linear cryptanalysis based on maximum likelihood method with deterministic counting, the number of effective key and text bits is a multiple of the number of bit involved in the input to some S-box. Then, when larger S-boxes are used, 2R-method and even the 1R-methods can become impractical just because the number of effective text and key bits become
more » ... Though 2R-method is practical for attacking DES, existing examples of ciphers where 2R-method is impractical include LOKI91. We overcome this problem by selecting a part of the effective key bits and investigating the probabilistic behavior of the remained effective key bits. The previous attacks discusses deterministic evaluation of the given approximated formula only when all values of the effective text/key bits are known, while we compute the probability that the approximated formula with unknown inputs equals to zero. This extension of linear cryptanalysis make useful for 2R-attack on LOKI91, then improves the performance of previous attacks. Furthermore, we implemented some experiments of attacks on 4-round LOKI91, and confirmed the effectiveness of our method.
doi:10.1007/bfb0052340 fatcat:lgos6tzppzcgteuijg2klgzhvu