Household Access and Affordability to Pay for Domestic Water Supply Services in Small Towns in Tanzania: A case of Selected Towns Along the Shores of Lake Victoria
International Journal of Applied and Pure Science and Agriculture
Access to potable and affordable domestic water supply is a basic human right. However, in many urban areas in sub-Saharan African countries including Tanzania, many people do not have access to water due to lack of the necessary water infrastructure and inability to afford for the service. The present study examined household access and affordability to pay for domestic water supply services in small towns of Misungwi, Magu and Lamadi along the shores of Lake Victoria in Northwestern Tanzania.
... thwestern Tanzania. Specifically, the study envisaged to: (i) assess the availability of domestic water supply services in the study towns, (iii) determine the level of domestic water consumed by households, and (iii) measure household ability to pay for water supply services. The study used both primary and secondary data of quantitative and qualitative nature, collected through questionnaire survey, key informant interviews, observation and documentary review. Survey data were analyzed for descriptive statistics such as frequencies and means, chi-square tests, one-way analysis of variance (ANOVA) and multiple linear regression analysis whereas qualitative data were analyzed using qualitative content analysis technique. The study found that more than three quarters of households (77%) used improved sources and about one quarter (23%) depended on unimproved sources. Per capita water use was significantly associated with household size, type of water source, waiting time at the source and household monthly expenditure on water services. Further, close to half of the households (48%) were spending more than 5% of their household income on water services. It was concluded that most households in the study towns have limited access to domestic water supply due to low water supply coverage and unaffordability to pay for the services. Thus, interventions to improve access to water supply should focus on water supply infrastructure and household ability to pay for the services.