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Aluminum adjuvants have been used for a century in various vaccines due to its ability to potentiate humoral immunity and safety records since 1920s. Manganese is an essential micronutrient required for diverse biological activities in cells. We previously found that Mn2+ is a strong type I-interferon stimulator activating the cGAS-STING pathway. Herein we report that a colloidal manganese salt (MnJ) is a potent adjuvant to induce both humoral and cellular immune responses, particularly CTLdoi:10.1101/783910 fatcat:dygmmwnrcng6jpft4lvr5vnivm