Who Wins in an Energy Boom? Evidence from Wage Rates and Housing

Grant Jacobsen
2016 Social Science Research Network  
This paper presents evidence on the distributional effects of energy extraction by examining the recent U.S. energy boom. The boom increased local wage rates in almost every major occupational category. The increase occurred regardless of whether the occupation experienced a corresponding change in employment, suggesting a more competitive labor market that benefited local workers. Local housing values and rental prices both increased, thereby benefiting landowners. For renters, the increase in
more » ... prices was completely offset by a contemporaneous increase in income. The results indicate that bans on drilling have negative monetary consequences for a large share of local residents. JEL Classification Codes: J23, Q33, R31
doi:10.2139/ssrn.2972681 fatcat:jfxmbukycneh5bzkuqvtxzdrma