LANDSCAPE AND GEOCHEMICAL CHARACTERISTICS OF THE BLACK SEA COAST OF RUSSIA
ECOLOGY ECONOMY INFORMATICS GEOINFORMATION TECHNOLOGIES AND SPACE MONITORING
ЛАНДШАФТНО-ГЕОХИМИЧЕСКАЯ ХАРАКТЕРИСТИКА ЧЕРНОМОРСКОГО ПОБЕРЕЖЬЯ РОССИИ
The article is devoted to the use of landscape-geochemical mapping to study the spatial structure of the Black sea coast of Russia. Landscape-geochemical map of Black sea coast of Russia is done as a result of a complex study of the South of Russia summarizing large volume of various materials geological, soil, geobotanical, geological trends and the official in the field work process. Topographical and geological maps of scale 1:200000–1:500000 were the basis for drawing up the map of
... the map of geochemical landscapes. Using these data, it was possible to establish the main factors of landscape differentiation and make auxiliary maps that characterize the taxonomic parameters: 1-plant communities and types of nature management developed in the region; 2 – types of geochemical conditions in soils; 3 – geomorphological features; 5-soil-forming rocks. All these factors are taken into account at various taxonomic levels and are clearly shown on the map of geochemical landscapes. The area of the research area is approximately 8,300 km2 . The variety of natural conditions and the wide development of anthropogenic activities caused the complex landscape and geochemical structure of the studied territory Most of the territory of the Black sea coast of Russia is occupied by biogenic landscapes (5717.2 km2 or 69 %). Technogenic landscapes on the black sea coast of Russia are developed everywhere, but their largest area is on the Taman Peninsula and the area from Anapa to Novorossiysk. The map made it possible to assess the natural differentiation and specifics of the technogenic transformation of the studied territory. The objectivity of using the landscape-geochemical map as a basis for a comprehensive study of the territory is confirmed by the results of studying the features of migration and concentration of chemical elements in soils and rocks.