A Path to Smart Radio Environments: An Industrial Viewpoint on Reconfigurable Intelligent Surfaces [article]

Ruiqi Liu, Qingqing Wu, Marco Di Renzo, Yifei Yuan
2021 arXiv   pre-print
With both the standardization and commercialization completed in an unforeseen pace for the 5th generation (5G) wireless network, researchers, engineers and executives from the academia and the industry have turned their sights on candidate technologies to support the next generation wireless networks. Reconfigurable intelligent surfaces (RIS), sometimes referred to as intelligent reflecting surfaces (IRS), have been identified to be potential components of the future wireless networks because
more » ... hey can reconfigure the propagation environment for wireless signals with low-cost passive devices. In doing so, the coverage of a cell can be expected to increase significantly as well as the overall throughput of the network. RIS has not only become an attractive research area but also triggered a couple of projects to develop appropriate solutions to enable the set-up of hardware demonstrations and prototypes. In parallel, technical discussions and activities towards standardization already took off in some regions. Promoting RIS to be integrated into future commercial networks and become a commercial success requires significant standardization work taken place both at regional level standards developing organizations (SDO) and international SDOs such as the 3rd Generation Partnership Project (3GPP). While many research papers study how RIS can be used and optimized, few effort is devoted to analyzing the challenges to commercialize RIS and how RIS can be standardized. This paper intends to shed some light on RIS from an industrial viewpoint and provide a clear roadmap to make RIS industrially feasible.
arXiv:2104.14985v2 fatcat:42rb4qdo4fdgzjy2bookt6bkgm