Activation of Bone Marrow Phagocytes Following Benzene Treatment of Mice

Debra L. Laskin, Laureen MacEachern, Robert Snyder
1989 Environmental Health Perspectives  
Techniques in flow cytometry/cell sorting were used to characterize the effects of benzene and its metabolites on subpopulations of bone marrow cells. Treatment of male Balb/c mice with benzene (880 mg/kg) or a combination of its metabolites, hydroquinone and phenol (50 mg/kg), resulted in a 30 to 40% decrease in bone marrow cellularity. Flow cytometric analysis revealed two supopulations of bone marrow cells that could be distinquished by their size and density or granularity. The larger, more
more » ... dense subpopulation was found to consist predominantly of macrophages and granulocytes as determined by monoclonal antibody binding and by cell sorting. Benzene treatment had no selective cytotoxic effects on subpopulations of bone marrow cells. To determine if benzene treatment activated bone marrow phagocytes, we quantified production of hydrogen peroxide by these cells using the fluorescent indicator dye, 2',7'-dichlorofluorescin diacetate. We found that macrophages and granulocytes from bone marrow of treated mice produced 50%o more hydrogen peroxide in response to the phorbol ester, 12-O-tetradecanoyl-phorbol-13-acetate than did cells from control animals. It is hypothesized that phagocyte activation and production of cytotoxic reactive oxygen intermediates may contribute to hematotoxicity induced by benzene.
doi:10.2307/3430764 fatcat:6wkat6ejrbcrpauuecggdak6ba