A Survey on the Dietary Life Status of Group Home Children and Adolescents in Seoul Region
서울 지역 그룹홈 아동과 청소년의 식생활 실태 조사
Kyung Eun Choi, Ki Hyeon Sim
Korean Journal of Food and Cookery Science
This research involved a survey on the dietary patterns of children and adolescents living in group homes, to find out their wrong eating habits and to devise measures for correcting their problems. The BMIs of the subject children and adolescents in group homes were measured, and the result showed that although many of them appeared to have normal weights, about 42.2% were actually underweight. Most of them had meals regularly, three times a day at fixed times. However, half of them frequently
... skipped breakfast because of the lack of time in the morning. In addition, more than half of them had the habit of having imbalanced diets, especially with low vegetable intake. The score for their satisfaction toward meals at group homes were highest (3.97) with the taste of food, while it was relatively lower (3.61) with the variety of food than with the other items. The average score for their snack intake was 3.47, showing that the majority of them had the habit of eating snacks, while the largest portion (26.0%) of them preferred bread and cookies. According to the result of the analysis on their food intake, overall calorie intake was about 82~96% of estimated energy requirements, while that of the male subjects aged 12 or older was about 82% of the standard energy requirements. Their overall intake of calcium and potassium was lower than recommended nutrition intake, but sodium intake was higher than 3 times recommended intake. Especially, in addition to calcium and potassium, the male subjects aged 15 or older showed low intake of dietary fiber, iron, zinc, riboflavin, niacin, vitamin C and folate also; whereas the female subjects aged 15 or older showed low intake of iron, zinc, riboflavin and folate also. Taken together, it was concluded that government level of dietary life~related support and management would be necessary for the healthy growth and development of children and adolescents in group homes. Intake)에 대한 백분율(%)을 산출하였고, 식이섬유, 비타민 E, 나트륨, 칼륨은 충분섭취량(AI, Adequate Intake)에 대한 백분 율(%)로 산출하였다. 통계분석 본 연구를 위해 수집된 설문자료는 SPSS 통계 프로그램 (version 15.0)을 활용하여 분석하였다. 모든 연구 결과는 빈 도(N), 백분율(%), 평균(Mean), 표준편차(S.D) 등으로 나타내 었다. 각 문항에 대한 결과는 조사대상자의 일반적 사항에 따라 chi-square test, t-test, 일원분산분석(One-way ANOVA)을 실시하여 그룹간의 차이를 알아보았으며, 일원분산분석 후 유 의한 차이가 있는 경우 집단 간 차이 규명을 위해 Duncan multiple range test를 실시하였다. 이상의 통계적 차이에 대한 검증의 유의수준은 α=.05, α=.01, α=.001에서 실시하였다.