Philologica Jassyensia

Dorin Popescu
2016 unpublished
Interethnic conflicts generated by the breakup of Yugoslavia have accelerated the appearance of identity disturbance, including the cultural identity, literary margin in identity affinity profiles and transformation of the peoples of the Balkans. These disturbances (we understand here by disturbance/disorder a clinical pre-pathological/ a-pathological manifestation of culture, described by deformation, otherness, ambiguity and anxiety) cover all levels and reconfiguration of public mentality,
more » ... processes which exceed meanings and amplitude and any similar scenario in any other part of the modern world. Main processes of identity reconfiguration in this territory, generators of disturbance, deformations and otherness of its ethos and culture are supplied/ maintained by the formation and separation trends of the national literature (Bosnian, Serbian, Croatian) from the matrix, the former Yugoslav literature, by the efforts of scientific and policy accreditation of the Bosnian language (and literature), by trends for setting up a cultural environment itself, the celebrity trend of the culture and ethos of Bosnian type etc. These phenomena occur accompanied by tensions difficult to imagine in a bipolar or mono-ethnic world, occupying the center and the periphery of the cultural post-Yugoslav world, entirely and deeply, generating a cultural nature specific not only for a post-conflict world, but of the pre-conflict as well. Our preliminary observations suggest that there may exist the following three types of cultural and identity disorders which occur during the period of the post-Yugoslav culture: captivity disorders (one-dimensional disturbances/disorders, dominated by the efforts of the Bosnian language, literature and culture to set their own profile in the priority relation to the Serbian language, literature and culture), transfer disorders (two-dimensional type, which involve mutual relationships between transfer/correlation/swapping and two dominant cultural patterns, i.e. Croatian vs Serbian, Bosnian vs Croatian etc.) and chaos disorders (three-dimensional disturbances/ disorders, spatial disorders, which are present in all cultural models in the region of co-existing cultures).  "Andrei Şaguna" University of Constanţa, Romania / the Embassy of Romania to Bosnia and Herzegovina.