Osmotic threshold and sensitivity for vasopressin release and Fos expression by hypertonic NaCl in ovine fetus

Zhice Xu, Calvario Glenda, Linda Day, Jiaming Yao, Michael G. Ross
2000 American Journal of Physiology. Endocrinology and Metabolism  
Osmotic threshold and sensitivity for vasopressin release and Fos expression by hypertonic NaCl in ovine fetus. Am J Physiol Endocrinol Metab 279: E1207-E1215, 2000.-In adults, hyperosmolality stimulates central osmoreceptors, resulting in arginine vasopressin (AVP) secretion. Near-term fetal sheep have also developed mechanisms to respond to intravascular hypertonicity with stimulation of in utero AVP release. However, prior studies demonstrating fetal AVP secretion have utilized plasma
more » ... lized plasma tonicity changes greater than those required for adult osmotically induced AVP stimulation. We sought to examine nearterm fetal plasma osmolality threshold and sensitivity for stimulation of AVP secretion and to correlate plasma hormone levels with central neuronal responsiveness. Chronically instrumented ovine fetuses (130 Ϯ 2 days) and maternal ewes simultaneously received either isotonic or hypertonic intravascular NaCl infusions. Maternal and fetal plasma AVP and angiotensin II (ANG II) levels were examined at progressively increasing levels of plasma hypertonicity. Intravenous hypertonic NaCl gradually elevated plasma osmolality and sodium levels. Both maternal and fetal plasma AVP increased during hypertonicity, whereas ANG II levels were not changed. Maternal AVP levels significantly increased with a 3% increase in plasma osmolality, whereas fetal plasma AVP significantly increased only at higher plasma osmolality levels (over 6%). Thus the slope of the regression of AVP vs. osmolality was greater for ewes than for fetuses (0.232 vs. 0.064), despite similar maternal and fetal plasma osmolality thresholds for AVP secretion (302 vs. 304 mosmol/kg). Hyperosmolality induced Fos immunoreactivity (FOS-ir) in the circumventricular organs of the fetal brain. FOS-ir was also demonstrated in the fetal supraoptic and paraventricular nuclei (SON and PVN), and double labeling demonstrated that AVP-containing neurons in the SON and PVN expressed Fos in response to intravenous NaCl. These results demonstrate that, in the ovine fetus at 130 days of gestation, neuroendocrine responses to cellular dehydration are functional, although they evidence a relatively reduced sensitivity for AVP secretion compared with the adult. hyperosmolality; arginine vasopressin neurons; fetal sheep THE DEFENSE OF THE TONICITY of body fluids is primarily the function of arginine vasopressin (AVP)-mediated
doi:10.1152/ajpendo.2000.279.6.e1207 pmid:11093906 fatcat:dwkcduve3rdbznrchueosy2t5e