An Information-Theoretic Perspective on Successive Cancellation List Decoding and Polar Code Design [article]

Mustafa Cemil Coşkun, Henry D. Pfister
2022 arXiv   pre-print
This work identifies information-theoretic quantities that are closely related to the required list size on average for successive cancellation list (SCL) decoding to implement maximum-likelihood decoding over general binary memoryless symmetric (BMS) channels. It also provides upper and lower bounds for these quantities that can be computed efficiently for very long codes. For the binary erasure channel (BEC), we provide a simple method to estimate the mean accurately via density evolution.
more » ... analysis shows how to modify, e.g., Reed-Muller codes, to improve the performance when practical list sizes, e.g., L∈[8, 1024], are adopted. Exemplary constructions with block lengths N∈{128,512} outperform polar codes of 5G over the binary-input additive white Gaussian noise channel. It is further shown that there is a concentration around the mean of the logarithm of the required list size for sufficiently large block lengths, over discrete-output BMS channels. We provide the probability mass functions (p.m.f.s) of this logarithm, over the BEC, for a sequence of the modified RM codes with an increasing block length via simulations, which illustrate that the p.m.f.s concentrate around the estimated mean.
arXiv:2103.16680v2 fatcat:zsz4h2424fhmvaka5ausvwsmjm