Collision Modes of Two Eccentric Compound Droplets

Khanh P. Nguyen, Truong V. Vu
2020 Processes  
A compound droplet with its single inner droplet appears in a broad range of applications and has received much attention in recent years. However, the role of the inner droplet location on the dynamical behaviors of the compound droplet is still not completely understood. Accordingly, the present study numerically deals with the eccentricity of the compound droplet affecting its colliding behaviors with the other droplet in a simple shear flow. The solving method is a front-tracking technique
more » ... hat treats the droplet interface as connected elements moving on a rectangular fixed grid. Initially, two compound droplets assumed circular are placed at a distance symmetrically to the domain center and they come into contact, because of the shear flow, when time progresses. During the collision process, the inner droplet that is initially located at a distance to its outer droplet center circulates around this center. It is found that this rotation also contributes to the formation of the collision modes including the reversing, passing-over and merging ones. Starting from a passing-over mode, a transition to a reversing mode or a merging mode can appear when the inner droplets, in terms of their centroids, are closer than their outer droplets. However, the location of the inner droplet within the outer droplet only has an effect when the value of the Capillary number Ca is varied from 0.01 to 0.08. For Ca < 0.01 corresponding to the merging mode and Ca ³ 0.16 corresponding to the passing-over mode, the inner droplet position has almost no impact on the collision behaviors of two compound droplets.
doi:10.3390/pr8050602 fatcat:6eojmfaxx5h6jdjmu4s4ezg3y4