Color group selection for computer interfaces

Paul Lyons, Giovanni Moretti, Mark Wilson, Bernice E. Rogowitz, Thrasyvoulos N. Pappas
2000 Human Vision and Electronic Imaging V  
We describe a low-impact method for colouring interfaces harmoniously. The method uses a model that characterises the overall image including the need for distinguishability between interface components. The degree of visual distinction between one component and other components, and its colour strength (which increases with its importance and decreases with its size and longevity), are used in generating a rigid ball-and-stick "colour molecule," which represents the colour relationships
more » ... elationships between the interface components. The shape of the colour molecule is chosen to conform to standard principles of colour harmony (like colours harmonise, complementary colours harmonise, cycles in the colour space harmonise, and so on). The colour molecule's shape is fixed, but its position and orientation within the perceptually uniform colour solid are not. The end user of the application chooses a new colour scheme for the complete interface by repositioning the molecule within the colour space. The molecule's shape and rigidity, and the space's perceptual uniformity, ensures the distinguishability and colour harmony of the components are maintained. The system produces a selection of colour schemes which often include subtle "nameless" colours that people rarely choose using conventional colour controls, but which blend smoothly into a harmonious colour scheme. A new set of equally harmonious colour schemes only requires repositioning the colour molecule within the space. • that many of the aesthetic and pragmatic criteria characterising commercially important images, such as computer interfaces, can be represented by a mathematical formalism (following Munsell, cited in Birren 1 )) • that this formalism can be conceptualised as an abstract colour scheme • that the abstract colour scheme can be represented by a "colour molecule", a rigid shape in a 3D colour-space • that the abstract colour scheme can be converted to a specific colour scheme which conforms to the aforementioned aesthetic and pragmatic criteria by locating the colour molecule within the colour space. Correspondence: P. Lyons. Other author information: PL: Ph:
doi:10.1117/12.387167 dblp:conf/hvei/LyonsMW00 fatcat:et5zpsfdunegtn3t2k7xxcgzqu