Cops and Robbers ordinals of cop-win trees [article]

Anthony Bonato, Przemysław Gordinowicz, Gena Hahn
2017 arXiv   pre-print
A relational characterization of cop-win graphs was provided by Nowakowski and Winkler in their seminal paper on the game of Cops and Robbers. As a by-product of that characterization, each cop-win graph is assigned a unique ordinal, which we refer to as a CR-ordinal. For finite graphs, CR-ordinals correspond to the length of the game assuming optimal play, with the cop beginning the game in a least favourable initial position. For infinite graphs, however, the possible values of CR-ordinals
more » ... e not been considered in the literature until the present work. We classify the CR-ordinals of cop-win trees as either a finite ordinal, or those of the form α + ω, where α is a limit ordinal. For general infinite cop-win graphs, we provide an example whose CR-ordinal is not of this form. We finish with some problems on characterizing the CR-ordinals in the general case of cop-win graphs.
arXiv:1603.04266v2 fatcat:6fbg6bjx6nhkfdko4xephefn7e