Attention Receptive Pyramid Network for Ship Detection in SAR Images

YAN ZHAO, Lingjun Zhao, Boli Xiong, Gangyao Kuang
2020 IEEE Journal of Selected Topics in Applied Earth Observations and Remote Sensing  
With the development of deep learning (DL) and synthetic aperture radar (SAR) imaging techniques, SAR automatic target recognition has come to a breakthrough. Numerous algorithms have been proposed and competitive results have been achieved in detecting different targets. However, due to the influence of various sizes and complex background of ships, detecting multiscale ships in SAR images is still challenging. To solve the problems, a novel network, called attention receptive pyramid network
more » ... ARPN), is proposed in this article. ARPN is a two-stage detector and designed to improve the performance of detecting multiscale ships in SAR images by enhancing the relationships among nonlocal features and refining information at different feature maps. Specifically, receptive fields block (RFB) and convolutional block attention module (CBAM) are employed and combined reasonably in attention receptive block to build a top-down fine-grained feature pyramid. RFB, composed of several branches of convolutional layers with specifically asymmetric kernel sizes and various dilation rates, is used for grabbing features of ships with large aspect ratios and enhancing local features with their global dependences. CBAM, which consists of channel and spatial attention mechanisms, is utilized to boost significant information and suppress interference caused by surroundings. To evaluate the effectiveness of ARPN, experiments are conducted on SAR Ship Detection Dataset and two large-scene SAR images. The detection results illustrate that competitive performance has been achieved by our method in comparison with several CNN-based algorithms, e.g., Faster-RCNN, RetinaNet, feature pyramid network, YOLOv3, Dense Attention Pyramid Network, Depth-wise Separable Convolutional Neural Network, High-Resolution Ship Detection Network, and Squeeze and Excitation Rank Faster-RCNN. Index Terms-Attention receptive pyramid network, convolutional block attention module (CBAM), receptive fields block (RFB), synthetic aperture radar (SAR), SAR automatic target recognition (SAR ATR), ship detection.
doi:10.1109/jstars.2020.2997081 fatcat:pplmyfehgbfinbvi4dzdh4zf6e