The Characteristics of the White Clay Pigment Manufactured from the White Clay of Producing Area Recorded in Old Documents

Yeong Seok Kang, Seong Woo Mun, Hye Young Jeong
2017 Journal of Conservation Science  
An investigation on the records of old document was conducted to identify the producing area of white clay and there were on-the-spot surveys to secure raw materials of white clay pigment. Based on the survey results, six raw materials were obtained from the region of Gangwon-do and Gyeongsang-do, South Korea and white clay pigment was subsequently manufactured by applying the hydraulic elutriation method. The results show that the major constituent minerals of YBW, HBW, and MCW were quartz and
more » ... plagioclase, whereas SGW, HOW, and HGW were composed of clay minerals such as kaolinite and illite. HGW showed the highest L*-value of 92.9. HOW and HGW showed an opacity of 94.1% and 89.6%, respectively, and they had excellent spreadability (270.3 mm and 223.3 mm, respectively). Therefore, HGW, HOW, and SGW have excellent characteristics in terms of color, opacity, and spreadability, and are considered to be highly applicable as white pigments for the Dancheong.
doi:10.12654/jcs.2017.33.6.08 fatcat:akkii5aezne55bg3bmgfsnezcu